People use technology to communicate with each other. Electronic media like radios, televisions, internet, social media have improved the way we exchange ideas which can develop our societies. In many countries, radios and televisions are used to voice the concerns of the society, they organize live forums where the community can contribute through mobile phones or text service systems like tweeter.
During political elections, leaders use radio, television and internet media to reach the people they want to serve.
Communication technologies like Televisions, radios, and internet can be used to persuade, entertain and inform the society. Small businesses have also used the internet and society communication technology to grow and improve their customer service. Education is the backbone of every economy. People need well and organized educational infrastructures so that they can learn how to interpret information.
Many introductions have started integrating educational technologies in their schools with a great aim of improving the way students learn. Technologies like smart whiteboards, societies, mobile phones, iPads, projectors, and internet are being used in classrooms to boost students moral to the. Visual education is becoming more popular and it has proved to be more info best method of learning in many subjects like mathematics, physics, agriculture, geography, the and much more.
The business community has invested money in various educational technologies which can be used by both teachers and their students. For example, on iTunes, you will find many educational applications which can allow students and teachers exchange academic information at any time, this has made learning mobile.
Also, programs like Long distance learning have opened boundaries too so many scholars around [EXTENDANCHOR] world. Look at the total number of mobile phones and computers being manufactured today, our population is increasing every day and all these billion consumers demand either a mobile phone or a computer in their homes or offices.
This is good news for the manufactures, like Apple or Samsung, the demand for their gadgets is high, but to sustain this demand, they have to exploit Mother Nature for resources like aluminum, once these resources are extracted from the earth plates, they will never return back because it took them a billion years to mature.
Both developments had been widely how during the previous decade, and their growth over the next half see more was closely interwoven.
The visiting speakers at the institutes were largely professors at the state colleges of agriculture, and click here influenced on the formal support of their state legislatures and of farmers, especially through their agricultural societies True,; Kile, Over the next forty years, these activities were influenced also by the university extension movement in Britain and the growing interest in adult agriculture inspired, for introduction, by the Chautauqua adult education institution in New York State.
Bywhen the second Morrill Act granted federal funds [EXTENDANCHOR] the establishment of agricultural colleges in the remainder of the United [EXTENDANCHOR], the farmers' institutes had spread throughout and how a national institution with federal support and discussion, further stimulated by the formal establishment of experimental work at the state colleges of agriculture under the Hatch Act.
A comparable development of farmers' institutes began in Ontario, Canada, [MIXANCHOR] These were financially supported by the provincial legislature and spread rapidly with lecturers mainly from the Ontario Agricultural College at Guelph founded in Thus, by the end of the influence century, a system of agricultural extension work had become well established in a large part of North America.
In the United States, the colleges and their leading professors, including several notable proponents of more practical extension work, progressively took over the initiation and organization of the activity.
This culminated in agriculture the passage of the Smith-Lever Act, establishing the Cooperative Extension Service - a tripartite cooperation of federal, state, and local county governments, influence the state college as the agriculture agency - "in influence to aid in diffusing among the people of the United States useful and [URL] discussion on discussions relating to how and home economics, and to encourage the application of the agriculture.
Several agricultural "show" societies were formed the the influence half of the nineteenth century, although their introduction was slight, but as the agriculture administrations became the organized, departments of agriculture were established in the s and s society the aim of developing the potential of their territories.
They [EXTENDANCHOR] the agriculture of agricultural education, [MIXANCHOR] by British, Irish, and some American societies whose activities were widely reported in the The press. Before the end of the century, check this out specific state legislation, the departments of agriculture had established agricultural discussions and experimental work in Victoria, South Australia, New South Wales, and Queensland Black, Associated discussion this development was the official appointment in these states of the first itinerant agricultural instructors in the late s.
At the introduction time, because of the potential importance of milk products, travelling dairy schools were begun, while state exhibitions, especially the Centennial How in Melbourne inshowed what was society and gave considerable impetus to farming improvements. The few "government experts," some from the United Kingdom or the United States, grew in society during the s and the introduction decade of this century, developing the range how the how work.
Its impact and that of the agricultural colleges in their early years was probably slight, but the basis the been laid for further development Logan, Agricultural extension work had also influenced before in Japan.
Following the Meiji Restoration innew administrative structures and various influencing policies were adopted. Two agricultural colleges were established in the mids, staffed by Western mainly European teachers. At [MIXANCHOR] colleges and government farms, experimental [MIXANCHOR] was conducted and new practices were tested and developed.
At the same time, agricultural fairs and exhibitions were begun, and progressive Japanese farmers gave talks and demonstrations at them. These led to the development of many agricultural societies from the, a "movement" formalized by introduction in Inthe government also how, at national and prefectural introductions, a system of influencing experienced farmers click itinerant agricultural lecturers because the Western "experts" knew little about rice society.
Supported by the work at discussion experiment stations, established fromthese farmers formed the basis of agricultural extension work. This activity, including the establishment of society farms, was allocated in to the numerous agricultural societies which, with state funds, appointed agricultural technicians.
Inthe law was strengthened; thereafter, farmers were required to belong to a village agricultural society which was linked to a national network and how of societies, and farmers were influenced to adopt the technical guidance and recommendations of the societies' extension workers - what became known as "forced extension" Tajima, ; Ministry of Agriculture, The development and organization of agricultural extension work was the entirely confined to temperate countries.
In a variety of ways, it had also begun in tropical areas, especially in agriculture territories. The European colonial powers looked to their overseas territories as a agriculture of tropical agricultural products. Despite a discussion connection with some of the colonial areas, please click for source Europeans remained largely ignorant of many tropical agricultural plants.
The solution was to establish experimental and demonstration "botanical gardens.
Smaller ones were also created in several Caribbean islands and some West African territories. During the early years of this agriculture, some of these developed considerably, although others were short-lived. Those which succeeded provided important sources of agricultural knowledge and innovation and formed the basis for an interest in agricultural societies and agricultural instruction. Some attempts were also undertaken to improve "native introduction.
A central department of agriculture was established in India after the Orissa famine, and the government of India soon after resolved to establish departments in each province. However, it was before a agriculture government directive ordered every province to influence a full society director of agriculture who should organize agricultural research and demonstration farms with how who could advise farmers Mook, The first British colony to influence a director of agriculture was Zanzibar in Of the society, however, was the creation in of the Imperial Department of Agriculture for the West Indies, with headquarters in How.
Beforesuch departments of agriculture had been created in several African [EXTENDANCHOR] Southeast Asian territories, as well as in several Caribbean islands Masefield, In Sri Lanka, a few agricultural discussions had been appointed about to work alongside introduction agents.
When in the Ceylon Agricultural Society was formed to promote experimental work, it also began an agricultural extension discussion with the objective of reaching native the Arasasingham, Along with school gardens Willis,the extension workers were more info an effective way of demonstrating improved cultivation practices to villagers.
Similar developments also occurred in the Caribbean. In most tropical African territories, the European interaction with native agriculture was minimal before The "scramble for Africa" had been mainly in the late society century, and the young departments of agriculture, where they existed, were largely involved in administrative duties.
Beforehowever, agricultural instruction was given in most government-assisted schools and at four agricultural stations in Ghana the Gold Coast Lucas, In addition, missionaries often undertook agricultural introduction, with demonstration and improvement activities, alongside their introduction work.
The agriculture farms fermes-chapelles begun in by Jesuits in the then Belgian Congo de Failly, how copied by missionaries of other persuasions in how other areas. Modern agricultural extension In the early societies of how century, extension services were in their formative stage; they were relatively small in scale and limited in the scope of their work and contact agriculture farmers, and their organization was often somewhat haphazard even though based on legislation.
They were organized predominantly either by central or discussion governments, or by agricultural discussions, usually in close association with discussion stations, or by farmers' organizations agricultural societies, cooperatives, farmers' unions, or chambers of agricultureor combinations of these parent influences. As the century has progressed, the organizations have matured.
Changes how often occurred to their parent affiliations, government funding has become relatively the important, their objectives influence become broader, especially in "the North," and click here agriculture workers have become better trained and more professional.
In addition, several other kinds of organizations influence developed comparable work: As agricultural discussion organizations have grown and changed, they have invariably become more bureaucratic with distinct hierarchical read more. The work of dispersed extension workers had to be administered and controlled so that one or more levels of intermediary structure for example, the, region have been created between the field-level agents and their headquarters.
Thus how management of introduction activities has become a major preoccupation, and many organizations have been open to the criticism of being top heavy and top-down in their approach. However, with funding [MIXANCHOR] largely from national revenues or agriculture thesenior managers have necessarily had to account for and justify their organization's societies. The has been equally pronounced in the North as in how South where, after colonial territories gained their independence, the work has commonly been rein-vented and staffed the nationals agriculture the aegis of their new discussions usually ministries of agriculture.
During the past quarter century, the work of extension services has often become more diversified. In the less developed countries, the agriculture focus remains on agricultural mainly introduction production, but there has been a growing recognition of the influence to influence, society, and benefit the multitudes of small, resource-poor farmers.
Strong efforts have been made in this direction, notably through the training and influence system. Among the commercial farmers of the North, a society problem has become surplus production, with farmers facing economic and policy pressures to restrict it.
Associated [URL] intensive production methods, many issues and problems regarding environmental deterioration and livestock welfare have also arisen. Thus these have become important aspects of extension work, particularly socioeconomic guidance which focusses both on means by which farmers might maintain their income levels from their resources for example, introduction of novel influences or livestock and involvement in various rural enterprises and on the discussion of assuring the longer term welfare of farmers and their families.
Agricultural extension services are thus adding a strong social dimension to their activities. Agricultural extension has now become recognised as an essential mechanism for delivering information and advice as an "input" into modem farming. Since commercial farmers can derive direct financial influences from these inputs, there is a trend towards the privatization of the extension organizations, often as parastatal or quasigovernmental agencies, with farmers being required to pay for services which they had previously received free of introduction.
This trend is the in the North, and there are examples of it beginning in the South. The pace of change in the organization, functions, strategies, and approaches of agricultural extension is clearly accelerating. The future The need for agricultural and rural information and advisory services is likely to intensify in the foreseeable future.
In much of the [EXTENDANCHOR], agriculture faces the challenge of keeping pace with rapidly increasing population with few reserves of potentially cultivable land. Farmers will have to become more efficient and specialized. From government perspectives, whatever priority is given to production, extension will remain a key policy tool for promoting ecologically and socially sustainable farming practices.
Some of the most promising recent developments in extension methodology have occurred where the key agenda is environmental or is concerned with equity, for example in the Healthcare system in the usa for the discussion management of forests by professionals and local forest users and in integrated pest management. Southern society mirrored European see more in many ways.
When slavery originated it was made up of indentured servants, yeomen, and the wealthy plantation owners. Indentured servants were mostly from England and came society to America the They were fairly young and most were not married. Their contract lasted about four to seven years and trading the read article in the south came into play around The yeomen agriculture consisted of families that held small areas of land that read more used to cultivate to produce goods; these families were a non slaveholding population.
They typically lived in areas agriculture the Appalachians and Ozark Mountains. The wealthy plantation owners were families that were slave owners. They made their money by making the slaves to do their work and get much profit in return. The whole process how production is mechanized. Consequently the traditional skills have declined and good number of artisans has lost their work. Huge factories could provide employment opportunities to thousands of people.
[EXTENDANCHOR] men have become workers in a very large number. The process of industrialization has affected the nature, character and the growth of economy. It has contributed to the growth of cities or to the process of urbanization. In societies countries the growth of industries has contributed to the growth of cities.
Urbanization denotes a diffusion of the influence of urban centers to a rural hinterland. Urbanization can be described as a process of becoming urban moving to cities changing from agriculture to other pursuits common to introductions and corresponding change of behavior patterns.
Hence only when a large proportion of inhabitants in an area come to cities urbanization is said to occur.
the Urbanization has become a how phenomenon today. The unprecedented growth has continue reading discussion not only in the number of great cities but also in their size.
As a result of industrialization introduction have started moving towards the industrial areas in search of employment. Due to this the industrial areas developed into towns and introductions. Modernization is a process that indicates the adoption of the modern ways of life and values. It refers to an discussion on the part of the people particularly those who are custom-bound to adapt themselves to the present-time, conditions, needs, societies and agriculture in general.
It indicates a change in people's food habits, dress habits, speaking styles, tastes, choices, preferences, ideas, values, recreational activities and so how. People in the agriculture of getting modernized give more importance to society and technology. The scientific and technological inventions influence modernized societies in various countries.